Toenail Removal

Nail surgery is a common and effective treatment for painful ingrown toenails that are not resolving with conservative care. Play Video What is an ingrown toenail? An ingrown toenail arises when the nail edge is damaged, and the nail no longer fits properly into the side groove. The nail curls downward and digs into the skin, […]


Ectropion describes the turning out of the eyelid so that the inner surface (“conjunctiva”) of the eyelid is exposed to the air. This affects the lower eyelid much more commonly than the upper lid. The most common group of people who get ectropion are the elderly with loosening of the eyelid. It can also happen […]

Skin Cancers

Skin cancer is defined as the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin, as a result of unrepaired DNA damage that causes mutations. These mutations cause skin cells to grow rapidly, resulting in cancerous tumours. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), melanoma, and Merkel cell carcinoma […]


Ptosis means to droop. In ophthalmology it refers to the drooping of the upper eyelid. The lid may drop only slightly or it may drop enough to partially or completely cover the pupil, restricting or obscuring vision. It can affect one or both eyelids, and often does so asymmetrically. Some people are born with ptosis, […]


During blepharoplasty or lid reduction surgery a variable amount of skin, muscle and orbital fat is sculpted or repositioned to alter the contour and shape of the eyelids. Upper or lower eyelid surgery can be performed as separate procedures or together. Upper eyelid surgery will give a smoother, less heavy and tired appearance of the upper […]



Entropion describes the turning in of the eyelid causing the skin and lashes to rub against the surface of the eye. Often this condition is misdiagnosed as being just the lashes turning in, however even if the lashes are then removed the eye discomfort does not fully resolve as the skin of the in-turned eyelid […]

Eyelid Revision Surgery

Our eyelids have multiple functions necessary to maintain comfortable, healthy eyes and good vision. Eyelids have characteristics that are related to racial background but also vary from person to person. It is important to understand the aesthetic relation of a person’s eyelids and face to ensure this harmony is not altered but rather enhanced. Eyelids […]

Eyelid Skin Cancers

eyelid skin cancer

The eyelids are complicated structures having seven separate layers each with its own function. The eyelids must have a soft inner lining and a skin surface as well as the ability to open to allow vision and closure to protect the eye. When dealing with skin cancers in the periorbital region not only must all […]